The cause of acne in most cases is the imbalance of hormones and generally teenagers
face this problem. For some teenagers acne may become a severe problem. Though there are other causes behind
appearance of acne, according to dermatologists hormonal imbalance is the major cause in case of teenagers. As the acne forms
due to hormonal imbalance some people call this “hormonal acne.”
Teenagers who are having serious problems due to acne are normally quite curious
about knowing the cause and remedy of acne. As I have stated earlier that hormonal imbalance is the most common
problem, if you have acne then it is very likely that your hormones are the culprits. The hormones responsible for
causing acne are estrogen and/or androgen. When the levels of these two hormones are in the normal range, they
actually help in maintaining a healthy skin. The problems begin when the hormone levels are not normal
We already know that abnormal levels of androgen and/or estrogen are the main causes
of acne. We will discuss a little bit broadly now. There is a gland named ‘sebaceous gland' inside your skin which
becomes larger when stimulated by androgen and cause oily skin-the base of acne. The cause of oily skin is
formation of sebum (an oil-like build up on the layer of your skin). This extra sebum does not help your skin any
Gradually a lot of sebum accumulates near the root of a hair follicle. The hair
pushes up through the skin and brings the sebum with it. Meanwhile dirt and unwanted bacteria join the sebum. Over
time the pool of sebum, bacteria and/or dirt build up and push up through your skin and then you see a pimple on
your skin. When many follicles becomes oily and dirty, many pimples appear on your face. If you are unlucky your
even your whole face may be covered with follicles clogged with sebum.
During puberty, hormones from your adrenal gland join together with testosterone and
cause more sebum secretion. And as puberty comes during teenage years, teenagers face this problem mostly. The rate
of adults suffering from this problem is very small compared to that of teenagers.
Hormonal acne normally appear during teenage years if you are
affected.Though the spots are mainly prominent on the face, in severe cases they
may also appear on your neck, chest or back. The problem may not be solved right after the end of your teenage
years. In many cases the problem persists till mid-twenties. The reason behind this is the fluctuation of hormone
levels throughout the puberty.
The treatment of acne may be started when your dermatologist will be
able to establish a relation between acne and hormonal imbalance.Generallyvarious medications are tested against the problem
of hormonal imbalance. As men and women have different hormones and they are affected differently by acne, they
do not receive similar medications. We will discuss the problems of men and women separately.
For men and boys, the cause of acne is the unusually high level of the hormone named
testosterone. But knowing the cause comes to little help because the level of hormone fluctuates constantly
throughout the puberty. Sometimes an initial prescription may help but it is seen that the problem comes back after
a few weeks. It is very hard to cope with the constantly changing hormone levels with different medications. This
is very frustrating for both the acne affected teenager and the dermatologist. To this day there is no hundred per
cent effective medication against acne.
In case of women, dermatologists sometimes prescribe birth control pills to reduce
acne. Birth control pills decrease the level of the hormone named androgen which is the cause of acne for girls and
women. Corticosteroids is one of the common medications in this category. Though this medication may sometimes
worsen the situation, it is effective in many cases. That's why this medication is recommended by some skin care